The Book of 2 Timothy

Summary of the Book of 2 Timothy

The book of 2nd Timothy is a Pastoral Epistle (letter from Paul to a church leader). The author is the Apostle Paul who wrote it approximately 67 A.D. and is probably his last letter.

After Paul’s release from his first imprisonment in Rome in AD 61 or 62, and after his final missionary journey (probably into Spain), he was again imprisoned under Emperor Nero c. 66-67.

The key personalities are Paul, Timothy, Luke, Mark, and many others.

Its purpose was to give direction to Timothy and urge him to visit one final time. From the somber nature of this letter, it is apparent that Paul knew that his work was done and that his life was nearly at an end.

“For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand.

I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith:

Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing” (2 Tim 4:6-8).

The Basilica at Baelo Claudia in Southern Spain, built around 50-60 CE to the South of the Forum of the city. It was a two-storey building built of ashlar and concrete walls covered in stucco. The city erected a colossal statue of Trajan.

Chapters 1-2 – Paul begins with thanksgivings and an announcement to remain faithful, strong, and to “Join with me in suffering for the Gospel”

“Be not thou therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner: but be thou partaker of the afflictions of the gospel according to the power of God” (1:8).

In contrast to his first imprisonment (where he lived in a rented house), he now languished in a cold dungeon (4:13) chained like a common criminal (1:16; 2:9).

He also reiterates the important work of

“And the things that thou hast heard of me among many witnesses, the same commit thou to faithful men, who shall be able to teach others also” (2:2).

Paul’s desire was to equip the saints with the knowledge of how to teach others.

Chapters 3-4 – Paul tells Timothy to remain faithful and

“Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine” (4:2)

Because difficult times would be in the future. He challenges him to endure reminding him that endurance is one of the main quality essentials for a successful preacher of the Gospel.

Men would become just as they were in the time of Moses. He writes,

“Yea, and all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution” (3:12).

Chapter 4 – Paul writes about personal concerns asking that some of his personal items be brought to him. It appears that his imprisonment was completely unexpected.

Soon after this letter, probably the spring of 68 A.D., it is likely that Paul was beheaded as a Roman citizen.

I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith:

Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing (4:7-8).