Summary of the Book of 1st Corinthians
The key personalities of this book are the Apostle Paul, Timothy and also Chloe’s household. Paul’s purpose in writing this letter to the church in Corinth was to address and correct the immorality and divisions that had arisen among them.
Chapters 1-4 – Paul received reports of problems in the church in Corinth and therefore addresses their problems and disorders, “there are quarrels among you” (1:11).
Paul asks believers to ”consider your calling” (1:26-30). He then declares three times that God ”has chosen” them and ”because of Him you are in Christ Jesus”.
This truth is joyful and relieving to believers that God is in control and is the orchestrator of our lives.
Chapters 5-11 – Paul exposes all of the immorality that was occurring in the church at Corinth. These include sexual immorality, issues of marriage, and lawsuits with other believers. “Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God?
Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, will inherit the kingdom of God” (6:9).
Paul warns believers to be careful how you live, “For you have been bought with a price” (vs 20),
Chapters 12-14 – Paul clears up some of the confusion about practices of worship. He corrects difficult doctrines that had caused divisions.
Some of these differences were the role of women in worship, the use of spiritual gifts, and observing the Lord’s Supper.
“For God is not a God of confusion but of peace, as in all the churches of the saints” (14:33).
Chapters 15-16 – consist of Paul dealing with the topic of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. This is the topic that is, “of first importance” to Paul. It is here we find the most important information on planet Earth, the Gospel of Jesus Christ in verses 1-4.
“Now I make known to you, brethren, the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received, in which also you stand, by which also you are saved, if you hold fast the word which I preached to you, unless you believed in vain.
For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures” (15:1-4).