Yesterday we talked about how evil and wicked the Catholic Church. I know that everyone sins, even Jesus’ mother did, but how did Mary become a sinner?
“For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God” (Rom 3:23).
So how did Mary become a sinner, or are we born sinners? See, I had figured that people like the Pope and politicians are born evil and they trick us so we become evil. How does is actually work?
“All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned everyone to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all” (Is 53:6).
“As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one” (Rom 3:10).
“Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me” (Ps 51:5).
“The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies” (Ps 58:3).
It’s bad enough that the president has lied to the people, but he also lied to his own mother.
“For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not” (Ecc 7:20).
“If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us” (1 Jn 1:10).
Wow, I could have been a politician because I used to lie, making Jesus a liar, because I never would have admitted that I had done anything wrong. Or heck, maybe I could have become a Pope because I never would have admitted that I had sinned against You.
“Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin” (Jas 4:17).
“The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?” (Jer 17:9).
So I understand that we are all born into sin, but how or why did this happen?
“For by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners…” (Rom 5:19).
Okay, so what do we have to do so You will still look upon us kindly and not send us to hell?
“…so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous” (Rom 5:19).
“For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord” (Rom 6:23).
“For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life” (Jn 3:16).
1 Woe to the crown of pride, to the drunkards of Ephraim, whose glorious beauty is a fading flower, which are on the head of the fat valleys of them that are overcome with wine!
28:1-35:10 – a series of six woes (28:1, 29:1, 29:15, 30:1, 31:1), concluded with an announcement of judgment on the nations (ch 34) and a song celebrating the joy of the redeemed (ch 35) Cf the six woes in ch 5 (see note 5:8-23).
“Crown” – Samaria, the capital of the northern kingdom, was a beautiful city on a prominent hill.
“Pride” – see v 3 and note on 16:6.
“Drunkards” – in the 8th century B.C. Samaria was a city of luxury and indulgence (see 5:11-13 and note; Amos 6:4-7).
“Ephraim” – see note on 7:2.
“Fat valleys” – valleys of fertility, cf 5:1.
2 Behold, the Lord hath a mighty and strong one, which as a tempest of hail and a destroying storm, as a flood of mighty waters overflowing, shall cast down to the earth with the hand.
“Mighty and strong one” – the king of Assyria.
“Tempest of hail…waters overflowing” – see v 17, 8:7-8 and note, 17:12 and note; cf 30:30, 32:19.
3 The crown of pride, the drunkards of Ephraim, shall be trodden under feet:
“Residue” – remnant, see note on 1:9.
4 And the glorious beauty, which is on the head of the fat valley, shall be a fading flower, and as the hasty fruit before the summer; which when he that looketh upon it seeth, while it is yet in his hand he eateth it up.
5 In that day shall the LORD of hosts be for a crown of glory, and for a diadem of beauty, unto the residue of his people,
6 And for a spirit of judgment to him that sitteth in judgment, and for strength to them that turn the battle to the gate.
“Spirit of judgment” – see 11:2-4 and notes.
“Gate” – the most vulnerable part of a city.
7 But they also have erred through wine, and through strong drink are out of the way; the priest and the prophet have erred through strong drink, they are swallowed up of wine, they are out of the way through strong drink; they err in vision, they stumble in judgment.
“Wine…strong drink” – the religious leaders should have been filled with the Spirit, not with wine (see Lev 10:9; Num 11:29; Eph 5:18).
8 For all tables are full of vomit and filthiness, so that there is no place clean.
“Vomit” – cf Jer 25:16, 27.
9 Whom shall he teach knowledge? And whom shall he make to understand doctrine? Them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.
28:9-10 – the mocking response of Isaiah’s hearers. The monosyllabic words Sav Lasav, Kav lakav, kav lakav imitate the babbling sounds of a child; cf the mocking tones of 5:19.
10 For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little:
11 For with stammering lips and another tongue will he speak to this people.
28:11-12 – quoted in part in 1 Cor 14:21.
“Stammering lips” – the language of the Assyrians.
12 To whom he said, This is the rest wherewith ye may cause the weary to rest; and this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear.
“Rest” – the land given to them by the Lord, in whom they were to trust (see 26:3, 30:15, 40:31; Josh 1:13).
13 But the word of the LORD was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.
“Was unto them Precept upon precept” – they dismissed the words of the prophet as childish nonsense, so the word of the Lord that he speaks will remain nonsense to them (see 6:9-10 and notes).
14 Wherefore hear the word of the LORD, ye scornful men that rule this people which is in Jerusalem.
15 Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:
28:15, 18 – Covenant with death” – possibly an allusion to necromancy and worship of idols (see 8:19). By using a vivid figure of speech, Isaiah mocks their sense of assurance against national calamity, placing on their lips a claim to have a covenant with death that it will not harm them (see Hos 2:18).
“Overflowing scourge” – a mixed metaphor referring to the armies of Assyria and Babylonia. “Overflowing” pictures an army as a flooding river (see 8:7-8); a “scourge” is a whip (10:26).
16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
“Stone” – the Lord (see 8:14, 17:10 and notes).
“Corner stone” – cf the “head stone of the corner” of Ps 118:22.
“Foundation” – see 1 Cor 3:11; cf 1 Pet 2:4-7.
17 Judgment also will I lay to the line, and righteousness to the plummet: and the hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies, and the waters shall overflow the hiding place.
“Line…plummet” – the standards and tests the Lord will apply are His justice and righteousness.
18 And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.
19 From the time that it goeth forth it shall take you: for morning by morning shall it pass over, by day and by night: and it shall be a vexation only to understand the report.
20 For the bed is shorter than that a man can stretch himself on it: and the covering narrower than that he can wrap himself in it.
“Shorter…narrower” – Israel was unprepared both militarily and spiritually.
21 For the LORD shall rise up as in mount Perazim, he shall be wroth as in the valley of Gibeon, that he may do his work, his strange work; and bring to pass his act, his strange act.
“Mount Perazim” – where God “broke forth” against the Philistines (2 Sam 5:20).
“Valley of Gibeon” – where God sent hail to demolish the Amorites (Josh 10:10-12).
“Strange work…strange act” – this time God would fight against Israel.
22 Now therefore be ye not mockers, lest your bands be made strong: for I have heard from the Lord GOD of hosts a consumption, even determined upon the whole earth.
“A consumption, even determined” – the judgment God has planned against the nations; see 10:22-23 and note on 10:22.
23 Give ye ear, and hear my voice; hearken, and hear my speech.
28:23-29 – a wisdom poem (a poetic parable) in two stanzas, each ending in a verse that praises the wisdom of God. In the context and since “threshings” is emphasized (vv 27-28), the point may be that though God must punish Israel, His actions will be as measured and as well-timed as a farmer’s (see 27:12 and note).
24 Doth the plowman plow all day to sow? Doth he open and break the clods of his ground?
25 When he hath made plain the face thereof, doth he not cast abroad the fitches, and scatter the cummin, and cast in the principal wheat and the appointed barley and the rye in their place?
“Fitches…cummin” – black cumin and regular cumin, herbs used for seasoning (see Matt 23:23).
“rye” – or “spelt,” a kind of wheat (see Ex 9:32).
26 For his God doth instruct him to discretion, and doth teach him.
27 For the fitches are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.
28 Bread corn is bruised; because he will not ever be threshing it, nor break it with the wheel of his cart, nor bruise it with his horsemen.
29 This also cometh forth from the LORD of hosts, which is wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working.
“Wonderful in counsel” – see 9:6 and note.
An abecedary is a type of ancient inscription containing letters in a standard alphabetical order. Many such writings appear to be nothing more than the elementary exercises of school children.
However, these documents still yield valuable information concerning the development and transmission of the alphabet. The earliest abecedaries were found at Ugarit and date to the 14th century B.C.
The order of the letters preserved in these in these early documents follows the arrangement later adopted by the Hebrew, Greek, and Arabic alphabets.
Many have argued that the names of the letters, though not preserved ion these inscriptions, must have developed simultaneously with the fixed alphabetic order by serving as a mnemonic device to aid in remembering the pattern. By analogy, modern American children use a rhyming song to learn their alphabet.
Parts of Isaiah 28:9-13 are difficult to interpret; verse 10 in particular looks like a series of nonsense rhymes. The NIV renders this as “Do and do, do and do, rule on, rule on rule; a little here, a little there,” but this translation is something of a guess.
The translation difficulty in the Hebrew can perhaps be explained by the development of mnemonic tools such as rhyming for teaching children. The nonsensical Hebrew words that appear in this passage are probably consonants plus rhyming vowel sounds, simulating an elementary school lessen.
Further evidence that the Israelites made use of the alphabet for memorization purposes can be found elsewhere in the Hebrew Bible. For ex, Psalms 111 and 112 are acrostic poems that follow the order of the Hebrew alphabet.
Wow, these people had the intelligence of a drunk when it came to understanding You. When you’re drunk you are pretty stupid, but you think you are so smart, I have experience in that field.
Nothing’s changed really, people now days are just as stupid as they were back then, but it’s worse, not we have pastors not telling the full truth about You, about the scary parts about You.
Going back to the Catholic religion, I don’t understand why anyone can say they love Jesus and be a Catholic? For one example, their Rosary goes against Your 2nd commandment?