Psalm 98 – Praise of Jehovah, the King & The Shofar

1 O sing unto the LORD a new song; for he hath done marvelous things: his right hand, and his holy arm, hath gotten him the victory.

2 The LORD hath made known his salvation: his righteousness hath he openly shewed in the sight of the heathen.

3 He hath remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel: all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.

4 Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all the earth: make a loud noise, and rejoice, and sing praise.

5 Sing unto the LORD with the harp; with the harp, and the voice of a psalm.

6 With trumpets and sound of cornet make a joyful noise before the LORD, the King.

7 Let the sea roar, and the fullness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein.

8 Let the floods clap their hands: let the hills be joyful together.

9 Before the LORD; for he cometh to Judge the earth: with righteousness shall he Judge the world, and the people with equity.

The reign of the Lord in Sion, that is, of Christ in His church.  Releasing the Spirit spontaneously in every way for His divine economy of salvation and the manifestation of His kingdom.

The Shofar 

Psalm 98:4-6 instructs worshippers to offer joyful praise music to the Lord, using not only their voices but also various instruments.  The Hebrew word translated “ram’s horn” (v 6) is shofar.

A shofar is an ancient musical horn typically made of a ram’s horn, used for Jewish religious purposes. Like the modern bugle, the shofar lacks pitch-altering devices, with all pitch control done by varying the player’s embouchure.

The shofar is blown in synagogue services on Rosh Hashanah and at the very end of Yom Kippur, and is also blown every weekday morning in the month of Elul running up to Rosh Hashanah. Shofars come in a variety of sizes and shapes, depending on the choice of animal and level of finish.

This instrument belongs to a class known as aerophones, which produce a sound when air is passed through them.  the shofar was blown in several contexts:

The blast of the horn summoned warriors to battle and signaled the beginning of an attack (Jgs 3:27; 7:20; Job 39:25; Jer 4:19-21).  When the Israelites marched around Jericho for the seventh time, they were instructed to blow the rams’ horns (Jos 6:4-5).

The shofar summoned worshippers to Jerusalem (Is 27:13).

A bukkehorn (Norwegian) or bockhorn (Swedish), also called ″Billy Goat Horn″ in English, is an ancient Scandinavian musical instrument, made from the horn of a ram or a goat.

The horn is usually made from a goat horn harvested 5 to 7 years before the instrument is crafted. It was traditionally used by shepherds and milkmaids on summer dairy farms in the mountains, as a signal-instrument or as a scaring instrument. When the horn later got finger holes it became possible to play melodies with it.

The instrument has two blowing-techniques: the trumpet-principle is the most common, but the clarinet-principle is also used.

It was blown by watchmen to announce important news, whether celebratory or disastrous (1 Sam 13:3; Ez 33:3-6; Joel 2:1, 17; Amos 2:2).

It was used during coronation ceremonies, such as Solomon’s (1 Kgs 1:34) and Jehu’s (2 Kgs 9:13).

The shofar was sounded on holy occasions such as:

The Day of Atonement during the year of Jubilee (Lev 25:9),

David’s return on the ark to Jerusalem (2 Sam :15),

The covenant renewal ceremony during Asa’s religious reforms (2 Chr 15:14), and

Regular temple worship (Ps 4:5; 81:3; 98:6; 150:3).