Ark of the Covenant- 1491 B.C. & The Zukru Festival and Preparation for the Tabernacle

What did the people say about all of Your judgments?

“And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off.

And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him. 

And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words, which the LORD hath said will we do. 

And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel” (Ex 24:1-4).

Moses altar at the base of Mt. Sinai – In Exodus 27:1-2, we find that the altar God commands Moses to build is based on a variation of the same 5 by 3 theme: “Build an altar of acacia wood, three cubits high; it is to be square, five cubits long and five cubits wide.” Note: A cubit is the measure of the forearm below the elbow.

“Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel: 

And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness”(Ex 24:9-10).

“And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them. 

And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount. 

And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud.

And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel. 

And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights” (Ex 24:12 & 15-18).

“And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart, ye shall take my offering” (Ex 25:1-2). 

This offering God is talking about is building the 1 Tabernacle and the Ark of the Covenant. 

Click image for larger picture

God was very specific on how duties in the Ark were to be performed, as well as how it should be built and with what material to use because this Ark symbolizes Jesus Christ. 

For example, it was built with Acacia wood, which describes Jesus’ indestructible humanity and the gold around it represents Jesus being King of Kings and Lord of Lords. 

The Ark was placed in the middle of God’s people, Jesus is between us.  The people followed the Ark as we are to follow Jesus.  People went in the Ark to have their sins forgiven, we ask Jesus to forgiver ours.  

God would dwell with them, this was going to be His home.

“And let them make Me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them”.

The Ark of the Covenant is similar to Satan’s Catholic confessional box because only God can forgive sin (Mark 2:6,7 & Luke 5:21). 

If you impersonate the President of the United States you’ll be charged with treason and probably executed. 

Catholic Priests impersonate God, what do you think will happen to them when Jesus comes back?  You already know where Satan will spend eternity. 

God also had a special garment made for Aaron because he was the priest.  And on the shoulders of the clothes were the stones with the names of the 12 tribes of Israel engraved. 

Archaeologists digging at Tel Shiloh believe this may be one place the Israelites set up the Tabernacle holding the Ark of the Covenant

As anyone can see, the Catholics try and copy this, but don’t do a very good job. Just like the devil counterfeit things, but he’s pretty good at it.

“And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my Sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you. 

Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the Sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the Sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. 

It is a sign between me and the children of Israel forever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.

And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God” (Ex 31:12-13,15, 17-18).

1 Ex 25:3 to 31:11.  Jesus is the true tabernacle (Heb 9:11).

The Zukru Festival

Exodus 23:14-19 describes Israel’s three primary annual festivals, known as the Shalosh Regalim, they are:  Pesach (Passover)Shavuot (Weeks), and Sukkot (Tents or Booths) — when the Israelites living in the Kingdom of Judahwould make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.

Shavuot by Moritz Daniel Oppenheim

Ad­vocates of the Documentary Hypothesis have argued that Late Bronze Age Israelites would nothave been sophisticated enough to have organized such elaborate celebra­tions as those described in the Pentateuch.

However, archaeologists are now in possession of a complex literary work from the Syr­ian city of Emar that contradicts this theory.

A large tablet from Emar, predating the Pentateuch’s descriptions of the festivals, intricately describes that city’s Zukru Festi­val.

This elaborate commemorative cele­bration, which was to be conducted every seven years, required a full year of prepara­tion!

This tablet gives detailed instructions concerning the specified offerings to the city’s 70 deities which animals were to be of­fered to which gods, how many animals were to be sacrificed, who was to donate animal, the precise date of each offering the manner in which it was to be presented.  

Instructions for the procession (deities’ statues are included, with particular focus on Dagan (the chief god of Em).

Thus we know that ancient people already adhered to complicated, written instructions for cultic rituals during the Late Bronze Age.

The Biblical descriptions and instructions concerning Israel’s festivals fit well into this scenario.