I’ve noticed that when You get tired of people being wickedly evil You help them. Some get right with You and others just stop breathing.
“And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel Tola (scarlet-worm) the son of Puah (probably red dye), the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim. And he judged Israel twenty and three years, and died, and was buried in Shamir” (Jdg 10:1-2).
After him was Jair, a Gileadite, and he judged Israel 22 years, and was buried in Camon.
“And the children of Israel did evil again, and served Baalim, Ashtaroth, the gods of Syria, the gods of Zidon, the gods of Moab, the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines” (Jdg 10:6).
God was angry and sold them into the hands of the Philistines and to the children of Ammon for 18 years.
Aside from that, the children of Ammon passed over the Jordan and fought against the people of Judah, Benjamin, and Ephraim, and of course since they walked away from God they didn’t do well.
And again they cried out to God, but God was fed up with their whining and stabbing Him in the back.
“And the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Did not I deliver you from the Egyptians, and from the Amorites, from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines?
The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to me, and I delivered you out of their hand.
Yet ye have forsaken me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more.
1 Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation.
And the children of Israel said unto the LORD, We have sinned: do thou unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto thee; deliver us only, we pray thee, this day.
And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served the LORD: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.
Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh.
And the people and princes of Gilead said one to another, What man is he that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? He shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead” (Jdg 10:11-18).
1 This is in the Song of Moses:
“And he shall say, where are their gods, their rock in whom they trusted,
Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink-offerings? Let them rise up and help you, and be your protection.
See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand.
For I lift my hand to heaven, and say, I live forever” (Deut 32:37-40).
After that it was ruled by Argon, the son of Ninus. His posterity held the kingdom of Lydia for 505 years, or 22 generations.
Each son succeeded his father to the throne until the time of Candaules, the son of Myrsus.
Semiramis, the daughter of Dercetidis, was the wife, first of Menon and later of Ninus. Diodorus Siculus stated that she reigned for 42 years over all Asia, with the exception of India, and lived 62 years.
Ctesias Cnidos described her noble acts at length, especially those against Strabrobates king of India. We find this also recorded in Strabo, quoting from Megasthenes, who wrote expressly of the Indian affairs.
Arrian said that she died before she ever came into India.
Herodotus stated that she constructed very large works around Babylon, whereas formerly the Euphrates River had overflowed all the lower parts of it. Justin also mentioned Semirarmis and stated:
She built Babylon and walked it round with bricks, laying the stones with brimstone, instead of sand. This brimstone erupted naturally from the earth everywhere in that area.
This queen did many other very memorable acts. Not content to keep her husband’s conquests, she added Ethiopia to her dominions and she also made war on India. She was the first to enter India and Alexander the Great was next.
All other writers agree that Dionysus or Bacchus conquered all of India. It was Diordorus and Trogus who falsely reported that this queen enclosed Babylon with wall of brick.
Strabo also is refuted by the sacred history of Genesis and by Eupolemus. It was Nebuchadnezzar (you will hear more about him and his pride in the book of Daniel, where God punishes him) and his daughter-in-law, Nectoris, who built the wall of Babylon many years later.
Erranius notes that Babylon was built 1002 years before Semiramis was born. If he had said 1022 years, this date would very nearly agree with the Babylonian calendar sent from there by Callisthenes, as reported by Porphyry.
Eusebius stated further that this Sanchuniathon lived in the days of Sermiramis, Queen of the Assyrians, who is said to have lived before the Trojan wars at that time.
This agreed with Ussher’s account of having her live after the war of Troy by 11 years after reigning for 42 years.
Troy was destroyed by the Greeks 408 years before the first Olympiad (the Latin copy states it was 405 years).
According to Greek chronologers the first Olympiad took place in 776 B.C. Julius Africanus had reported that Choroebus of Elis won the first race ever ran.
This is also when, due to mythological happening, Greek history seems to begin.
Eastern Plateau (Transjordan)
The lands rising sharply to the east of the Jordan Rift form a high plateau or tableland often called Transjordan.
This plateau, ranging in height from 2,000 to more than 5,000 feet, towers above the Jordan Rift, then slopes gradually eastward to the Syro-Arabian desert.
Four large wadis – Jabbok, Arnon, and Zered – bisect the plateau, carrying the runoff into the rift. Considerable amounts of rain fall on the plateau as clouds reform in the higher altitudes beyond the rift.
Northern and central sections are well watered (20 to 40 inches in Bashan, 12 to 20 inches in parts of Gilead).
Further south, the encroaching desert restricts rainfall amounts. The larger cities developed along the important commercial route known as the King’s Highway, which traversed the top of the plateau from the Gulf of Aqabah to Damascu.
The wadis helped divide the region into four major sections: Bashan, Gilead, Moab, and Edom.
Bashan is the northernmost region of the Eastern Plateau. Lying between the towering slopes of Mount Hermon (9,263 feet; also known as Sirion and Senir [Deut 3:9]) and the Yarmuk River.
Bashan is a fertile land blessed with abundant water and rich volcanic soil.Extinct volcanic cones protrude from the landscape, while oak trees graced portions of the Bashan in biblical times.
Often, Biblical writers referred to the well-fed cattle that grazed in the Bashan.
During the Old Testament period, Israel seldom controlled this region, although portions of Bashan originally were allotted to the half-tribe of Manasseh.
The Arameans, especially the kings of Damascus, controlled the Bashan from about 900 to 732 B.C. herod’s son Philip governed this land during the New Testament era when various parts of the region bore the names Gaulanitis, Trachonitis, and Batanea.
Gilead, a mountainous region noted for its heavy forests in ancient times, stretches south of the Yarmuk to the top of the Dead Sea. A natural passage links Gilead with the lands west of the Jordan.
The Jabbok River (Nahr ez-Zerka), dividing Gilead into two parts, lies opposite the Wadi Farah, which affords easy access to Samaria.
The Israelite tribes of East Manasseh and Gad, who settled Gilead, thus maintained contact with their kinsmen beyond the Rift.
The Kingdom of Ammon, centered on Rabbah, occupied the lands bordering the desert southeast of Gilead. By New Testament times, portions of Perea and the Decapolis fell within Gilead.
The region due east of the Dead Sea is Moab, a land divided by the deep gorge of the Arnon River (Wadi Mujib).
The southern boundary of Moab is the Zered (Wadi al-Hesa), which separates Moab from Edom. Precipitous wadis leading to the Dead Sea scour the land, making both travel and settlement difficult along the western edge.
The eastern border of Moab is ill defined as the habitable land blends gradually to desert.
Between the western scarp and desert lies a plateau where conditions favored sheep-herding and cereal crops. The story of Ruth the Moabites illustrates the agricultural potential of Moab.
North fo the Arnon, a high flat tableland, in Hebrew Mishor, provided the best agricultural lands of Moab.
Important cities of the Mishor include Heshbon and Dibon. Although the Moabites claimed this region, the Israelite tribe of Reuben settled north of the Arnon, leading to frequent hostilities between Israel and Moab over control of this territory.
South of the Zered, striking red Nubian sandstone mountains decorate the land of Edom. The name Edom comes from the Hebrew word meaning “red.”
Occasionally, underlying granite rocks protrude through the earth’s crust giving the region a more dramatic visual impact.
Some mountains reach heights in excess of five thousand feet. Tucked between the desert and the Arabah, Edom is something of a fortress consisting of a narrow band of mountains affording protection to its inhabitants.
Sufficient rainfall occurs in the western area to produce small clumps of juniper, oak, and hawthorn forests. Seir is another name for Edom although sometimes the name refers to land south of Judah.
The Edomites, descendants of Esau and ancestral enemies of Israel and Judah, built their cities in the rugged mountains of this region.
Later, the Nabateans carved out of the living rock the city of Petra – a feast of beauty with its multicolored sandstone monuments.