Egypt & Old Testament World

“So where did You have Abram and Sarai go and were there any problems?

“And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land. 

And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon:

Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save thee alive.

Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee. 

The pyramids of Giza are among the most recognizable symbols of the civilization of ancient Egypt.

And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair. 

The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh: and the woman was taken into Pharaoh’s house. 

And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses, and camels.

And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram’s wife. 

And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me?  Why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife? 

Why saidst thou, She is my sister? So I might have taken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy wife, take her, and go thy way. 

Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all that he had”  (Gen 12:10-20).

Old Testament World

1. Mount Ararat The traditional site where Noah’s ark landed (Gen. 8:4). The exact location is unknown.

2. Ur First residence of Abraham, where he was almost a victim of human sacrifice, saw the angel of Jehovah, and received the Urim and Thummim (Gen. 11:28-12:1; Abr. 1; 3:1). (Note also a possible alternate site for Ur in northern Mesopotamia.)

3. Babylon, Babel (Shinar) First settled by Cush, the son of Ham, and by Nimrod. Area of origin of Jaredites at the time of the Tower of Babel in the plains of Shinar. Later provincial capital of Babylonia and residence of Babylonian kings, including Nebuchadnezzar who carried many Jews captive to this city following the destruction of Jerusalem (587 B.C.). The Jews remained in captivity in Babylon for 70 years until the time of King Cyrus, who permitted the Jews to return to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple. Daniel the prophet also resided here under Nebuchadnezzar, Belshazzar, and Darius I (Gen. 10:10; 11:1-9; 2 Kgs. 24-25; Jer. 27:1-29:10; Ezek. 1:1; Dan. 1-12; Omni 1:22; Ether 1:33-43).<

4. Shushan (Susa) Capital city of the Persian Empire under the reigns of Darius I (Darius the Great), Xerxes (Ahasuerus), and Artaxerxes. Residence of Queen Esther, whose courage and faith saved the Jews. Daniel and later Nehemiah served here (Neh. 1:1; 2:1; Esth. 1:1; Dan. 8:2).

5. Plain of Dura Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego were cast into a fiery furnace when they refused to worship a golden image created by Nebuchad-nezzar; the Son of God preserved them, and they emerged from the furnace unharmed (Dan. 3).

6. Assyria Asshur was Assyria’s first capital, followed by Nineveh. Assyrian rulers Shalmaneser V and Sargon II conquered the Northern Kingdom of Israel and carried away the 10 tribes captive in 721 B.C. (2 Kgs. 14-15, 17-19). Assyria was a threat to Judah until 612 B.C., when Assyria was conquered by Babylon.

7. Nineveh The capital of Assyria. Assyria attacked Judah during the reign of Hezekiah and the ministry of the prophet Isaiah. Judah was delivered when an angel smote 185,000 Assyrian soldiers (2 Kgs. 19:32-37). The Lord told the prophet Jonah to call this city to repentance (Jonah 1:2; 3:1-4).

8. Haran Abraham settled here for a time before going to Canaan. Abraham’s father and brother remained here. Rebekah (Isaac’s wife), and Rachel, Leah, Bilhah, and Zilpah (Jacob’s wives), came from this area (Gen. 11:31-32; 24:10; 29:4-6; Abr. 2:4-5).

9. Carchemish Pharaoh Necho was defeated here by Nebuchadnezzar II, which ended Egyptian power in Canaan (2 Chr. 35:20-36:6).

10. Sidon This city was founded by Sidon, a grandson of Ham, and is the northernmost Canaanite city (Gen. 10:15-20). It was the home of Jezebel, who introduced Baal worship into Israel (1 Kgs. 16:30-33).

11. Tyre This was an important commercial and seaport town in Syria. Hiram of Tyre sent cedar and brass and workmen to aid Solomon in building his temple (1 Kgs. 5:1-10, 18; 9:11).<

12. Damascus Abraham rescued Lot near here. It became the chief city of Syria. During King David’s reign, the Israelites conquered the city. Elisha anointed Hazael to be king over Damascus (Gen. 14:14-15; 2 Sam. 8:5-6; 1 Kgs. 19:15).

13. Canaan Abraham and his children were given this land for an everlasting possession (Gen. 17:8).

14. Mount Sinai (Horeb) The Lord spoke to Moses from a burning bush (Ex. 3:1-2). Moses was given the Law and the Ten Commandments (Ex. 19-20). The Lord spoke to Elijah in a still, small voice (1 Kgs. 19:8-12).

15. Ezion-geber King Solomon built a “navy of ships” in Ezion-geber (1 Kgs. 9:26). Probably at this port the queen of Sheba, after hearing of the fame of Solomon, landed to see him (1 Kgs. 10:1-13).

16. Egypt Abraham traveled here because of a great famine in Ur (Abr. 2:1, 21). The Lord told Abraham to teach the Egyptians what He had revealed to him (Abr. 3:15). Joseph’s brothers sold him into slavery (Gen. 37:28). Joseph became a ruler of Potiphar’s house here. He was cast into prison. He interpreted Pharaoh’s dream and was given a position of authority in Egypt. Joseph and his brothers were brought together. Jacob and his family moved here (Gen. 39-46). The children of Israel dwelt in Goshen during their 430-year sojourn in Egypt (Gen. 47:6).

The Israelites multiplied “and waxed exceeding mighty”; they were then placed in bondage by the Egyptians (Ex. 1:7-14). After a series of plagues Pharaoh allowed Israel to leave Egypt after Israel had sojourned there (Ex. 12:31-41). Jeremiah was taken to Egypt (Jer. 43:4-7).

17. Caphtor (Crete) The ancient land of the Minoans.