Book of 2 Kings

The Summary of
The Book of 2nd Kings

The book of 2nd Kings is Narrative History and Prophecy concerning the affairs of the divided kingdoms.

The author is anonymous; however, some suggest the prophet Jeremiah. 

A team of archaeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority has found remains of an industrial installation dating back to the Byzantine period (600 – 700 CE) in Tel Aviv-Yafo.

An installation for extracting liquid products unearthed by Israeli archaeologists (Israel Antiquities Authority)

“Installations such as this one are usually identified as wine presses for producing wine from grapes, and it is also possible they were used to produce wine or alcoholic beverage from other types of fruit that grew in the region,” the archaeologists said.

Yafo’s rich and diverse agricultural tradition has a history thousands of years old beginning with references to the city and its fertile fields in ancient Egyptian documents up until Yafo’s orchards in the Ottoman period.

“This is the first important building from the Byzantine period to be uncovered in this part of the city. The fact that the installation is located relatively far from Tel Yafo adds a significant dimension to our knowledge about the impressive agricultural distribution in the region in this period,” said Dr Yoav Arbel, director of the excavations from the Israel Antiquities Authority.

Key personalities are many; they include Elijah, Elisha, the woman from Shunem, Naaman, Jezebel, Jehu, Joash, Hezekiah, Sennacherib, Isaiah, Manasseh, Josiah, Jehoiakim, Zedekiah, and Nebuchadnezzar.

Its purpose was to demonstrate the value of those who obey God, and the fate of those who refuse to obey and make Him ultimate ruler.

In this book, God performs amazing miracles through his prophets as He sends these messengers to herald His messages. 

The two kingdoms are far from the Lord and lost in the monotonous confusion of their sins. God’s prophets bring the only hope to this lost yet, chosen nation.

Chapters 1-17 – We read of the rulers of the divided kingdoms who lead them to their fate in exile.  The prophet Elijah concludes his ministry and hands over the reins to another up and coming prophet who God will use named Elisha.

Elisha is an apprentice of sorts, and follows Elisha as he follows God’s lead. God took Elijah in a whirlwind to heaven and the apprentice asks for a double portion of Elijah’s spirit, and it was granted to him (2:9).

In Elisha’s ministry, he carries out twice as many miracles, as Elijah, as God does His will through his prophet.  We also find in these chapters, details about kings and dynasties, which ultimately disobey and ignore God’s orders and provisions. 

Finally, during the reign of the last evil king, Hoshea, the Assyrians take the Northern Kingdom into captivity.  They have neglected the warning and coming judgment announced by the prophet Hosea. 

It is fitting that the more evil of the two kingdoms (Northern Kingdom) is the kingdom that goes into permanent captivity.  There is no record or evidence of these 10 tribes of Israel, ever returning from exile.

Chapters 18-25 –  It is apparent that the Southern Kingdom is not doing much better, and soon would also face God’s judgment. 

Yet the Lord testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets.

Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the Lord their God (17:13-14).